# Home Folder Encryption

### Basics:

If you haven’t considered encrypting at least part of your Linux machine then you should. This post isn’t a full on lesson in cryptoanalytics, it’s just to provide some resources and notes to myself for future reference.

As far as summaries go, Encrypting Your Laptop Like You Mean It by The Intercept_ is a good one. Also, WIRED’s 9 Biggest Data Encryption Myths Busted is an informative quick read.

Next, you’ll want to consider your threat model. In short, that’s:

• What do you want to protect?
• From who?
• How do you want to do it?
• How (do you) address weaknesses?

### Data vs Disk:

The next logical decision is to decide on data encryption vs. disk encryption. I settled on only encrypting /home based on the following:

• Full system encryption was taking a bit to much fiddling (with my currnet system) so I’ve tabled that for now.
• The data I want to protect is personal data, not system / server / adminstrative content.
• Like a physical safe, when partitions are opened and in use, they can be attacked over the air anyway. So, on an up-and-running system there isn’t a protection differnce between the two (corrections welcome).
• Whatever content I may be protecting will be far easier stollen via the interwebs than physically stealing my machine, impregnating it with malicious software, and returning it to me (e.g. an Evil Maid attack, see below).
• Giving this a whirl has been on my bucket list for a while!

NOTE: As an added precaution against Evil Maid attacks you should password protect your bootloader and BIOS. The BIOS password won’t allow boot options (e.g. to the attachers USB drive) to be accessed, thus requiring the removal of the hard drive to complete the attack.

NOTE 2: You could also carry around your /boot partition on a thumb drive of your own, but I’ve found these get lost or damaged too easily. For casual use like mine, the inconvenience isn’t worth the protection.

### Getting it Done:

Initially I followed the corresponding Arch Wiki article word for word as it seemed pretty straight forward. A few things to keep in mind though:

• Watch out for those dang \x2ds when making the system service.
• By only encrypting /home you’ll save some system boot time, but loging in takes notably longer. There’s still the benefit of a faster boot if you just need to startup, login as root, and fix something (for example).

As it turns out I had issues with the manual scripting method (above) and resorted to using pam_mount. This worked out well and didn’t take any more effort. Simply follow the directions on the Arch Wiki.

Update 04/20/2016 - It could have something to do with the X205TA’s funky hardware, or microSD drives (/dev/mmcblkXpY) in general, but I was getting frequent error messages from SLiM that it failed to execute login command. After loging in as root in another tty I found that my drives were getting reported incorrectly by lsblk. / (written to the internal /dev/mmcblk0p1) was being reported by as /dev/mmcblk1p1 (removable microSD) mounted to / – this is after the initial boot. The quick fix was to use node names (/dev/mmcblkXpY) rather than UUID in/etc/fstab.